High-Speed Lines

Valladolid - Venta de Baños - Palencia - León Line


A way of making Europe


During the period 2007-2013 this line will be co-financed 

  • by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) through the Castile-León 2007-2013 Operational Programme, with funding of 102.7 million Euros, for track-bed works on the Venta de Baños - Palencia - León section;
  • and by TEN-T (Trans-European Transport Network) funds for studies, projects and track-bed works on the Valladolid - Venta de Baños stretch, with funding of 19.8 million Euros

 (Information at 31 december 2012)


Line map

Advantages of the line

The purpose of building this line is to create continuity between the Madrid–Valladolid High-Speed Line and destinations in the North and Northeast, permitting connections to León, Asturias, Cantabria (via Palencia) and the Basque Country (via Venta de Baños).

A well as contributing to the socioeconomic structure of the Autonomous Region of Castile-León, it will reduce notably the journey time between Madrid and the provincial capital of León. 

Description of the line

Track-bed works

The Valladolid - Venta de Baños - Palencia - León High-Speed Line is 162.7 km long and is designed for double electrified track in international gauge (UIC - 1,435 mm).

It will be designed to carry passenger and freight traffic.

Owing to the abrupt mountainous terrain encountered, its routing is not as well suited as on the rest of the lines in the North-Northwest Corridor (León – Asturias and Ourense – Santiago)

The longest structures to be built are in the Palanquinos – Onzonilla subsection. These are a 660 metre-long viaduct over the Esla River, and another 581 metre-long viaduct in the Torneros area. Construction is also planned of a 606 metre-long pergola over the tracks of the future towed and rolling stock facilities and the double track of the current Palencia-Coruña line.

Main structures

Steel reinforcements for construction
  • A viaduct over the Pisuerga River (1,366 m), on the Nudo Norte de Valladolid – Cabezón de Pisuerga section.
  • The Peña Rayada Tunnel (1,998 m), on the Cabezón de Pisuerga-San Martín de Valvení (Valladolid) section.
  • The Venta de Baños Triangle, which will facilitate all direct traffic routes that are possible between Valladolid, Palencia and Burgos.
  • A viaduct over the Esla River (660 m), on the Palanquinos – Onzonilla (León) section.
  • The Torneros viaduct (581 m), on the Palanquinos-Onzonilla (León) section.
  • A 606 metre-long pergola over the tracks of the future towed and rolling stock facilities and the double track of the current Palencia-Coruña line, on the Palanquinos-Onzonilla (León) section.

Stations on the line

Integration in Palencia

Façade of Palencia station

The fundamental works involved in this urban integration are implementation of a double track, in UIC gauge, to pass through the city of Palencia, and construction of a new passenger station.

The new UIC-gauge tracks, along with the single track in Iberian-gauge, will make up Palencia’s new railway network.

Integration in León

Façade of León Station

The arrival of high speed rail to León will involve major refurbishment of its rail infrastructure.

The project provided for implementation of part of the definitive entrance corridor to the city, as well as construction of a new station, inaugurated in April 2011, which allowed the urban corridor to be freed up and the El Crucero level crossing to be removed.

The building has a general hall with spaces for information, ticket sales and customer service. The station has three platforms, with lengths between 190 and 485 metres, and 4 tracks.

Main features

Pergola works over the Palencia – León railway
  • Line suitable for mixed passenger and freight traffic
  • UIC double gauge track (International)
  • Track-bed width: 14 m.
  • Maximum speed: 350 km/h
  • Signalling systems:
    ERTMS and ASFA
  • Mobile communications system: GSMR
  • 2 x 25 kV/AC electric line

Environmental measures

Adif and the Ministry of Public Works support sustainable and environmentally respectful development, respecting protected natural spaces during the design, construction and operation of the rail infrastructure.

Adif complies with the requirements of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), ensuring that all construction and infrastructure work is successfully integrated into the surrounding area and that all applicable environmental measures are implemented as effectively as possible.

All the measures are aimed at limiting the effects of constructing the new line, with scrupulous respect for the ecosystem of the areas through which the line passes, limiting its visual, noise and landscape impacts.


PIAC Image

The purpose of the PIAC is to inform Valladolid's citizens and the general public about progress in works on the Valladolid - Palencia - León High-Speed Line. It is staffed by specialist personnel who can answer queries and handle complaints. In addition, explanatory panels are installed, audiovisuals projected and leaflets distributed.